Changes have been made to the delivery of Emergency First Aid and First Aid at Work qualifications from 2017. This follows an ILCOR led review of evidence in specific first aid topics. The ERC first aid guidelines based on a worldwide expert consensus of best practice following an international evidence-based review, making them an extremely important addition to first aid practice in Europe.
4. First Aid – Elevation and Indirect pressure points are no longer recommended for the treatment of bleeding.
Elevation and indirect pressure have been removed due to a lack of evidence that it is effective in stopping bleeding, particularly life-threatening bleeding.
5. First Aid – Haemostatic dressings and tourniquets are to be used when direct pressure cannot control severe bleeding.
Following extensive use and research in combat, there is a wealth of evidence that tourniquets are effective, save lives and have a relatively low rate of complications following application. Similarly, haemostatic dressings have also undergone significant improvements in recent years, have low complication rates and have saved many lives.
The balance of complications versus possible outcomes if not used have led to both tourniquets and haemostatic dressings being introduced into main-stream first aid. Of course, a small office workplace is unlikely to find that catastrophic bleeding is a significant risk to their employees, so they wouldn’t necessarily have to rush out and buy this new equipment. A waste recycling plant or tree surgeon on the other hand may wish to consider having these available.
Unity Training are proud to announce that their trainers are fully trained to adhere with the new guidelines.